Transgender feamales in Malaysia, in the context of HIV and Islam: a qualitative research of stakeholders’ perceptions

Transgender feamales in Malaysia, in the context of HIV and Islam: a qualitative research of stakeholders’ perceptions



Worldwide, on the list of secret groups known to be at risky of getting HIV are transgender girls, frequently a marginalised cluster. Within the Malaysian setting there was a shortage of posted studies concerning transgender people, a sensitive problems in a Muslim vast majority nation, wherein Islam takes on an influential part in our society. Likewise, there’s been a paucity of investigation regarding exactly how these types of problem associate with HIV anticipation in transgender women in Malaysia.

Thus, the purpose of this research is to check out the attitudes of stakeholders involved with HIV reduction coverage in Malaysia towards transgender women, given the Islamic perspective.


Deep interview happened to be carried out with stakeholders associated with HIV protection, Ministry of overall health, Religious leadership and folks experiencing HIV, most notably transgender women. Thirty-five players happened to be employed utilizing purposive eating from June to December 2013 within Kuala Lumpur and surrounding vicinities. Interviews had been physically, audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and made use of a framework test.


Five main concepts arised from qualitative data; impressions of Transgender female along with their set in Our society; Reaching out to Transgender girls; Islamic philosophy; ‘Cure’, ‘Correction’ and ultimately, Stigma and Discrimination.

Dialogue: Islamic rulings about transgenderism were often the justification offered by players chastising transgender women, whilst there was in addition way more modern thinking and room for debate. Pervading bad thinking and stigma and discrimination produced a climate exactly where transgender females commonly noticed more comfortable with non-governmental enterprises.


Your situation of transgender women in Malaysia and HIV avoidance was an extremely hypersensitive and tough atmosphere for all the stakeholders, with the Muslim perspective and existing appropriate program. Despite this apparent impasse, discover almost possible places that may be improved upon to optimize HIV prohibition business while the planet for transgender feamales in Malaysia.


Globally, various trick teams regarded as at dangerous of obtaining HIV are generally transgender lady, explained for the intended purpose of this study, as lady appointed the male gender at birth but that determine by themselves to be girls. Transgender women frequently portray a marginalised populace and a ‘very higher burden human population for HIV’ [1]. In an extensive meta-analysis and methodical overview conducted by Baral and fellow workers, an evaluation on the relative HIV stress in transgender girls am started such as 15 places which announced a pooled HIV occurrance of 19.1% in 11,066 people globally as well as the chances rate of being contaminated with HIV for transgender female in comparison with all people of a reproductive age had been 48.8 [1]. The authors deduce that there’s an ‘urgent need of prohibition’ in transgender feamales in a group which happen to be often definitely not included in national HIV security and diagnose points, just like wedding in dangerous rectal intercourse with guys creating their own weakness, together with mark and discrimination in health care controls as limitations to obtaining HIV deterrence companies [1]. In the UNAIDS free hookup sites that are actually free reddit Cures break Report, key communities instance transgender women can be not just achieved by recent anticipation endeavours [2]. The Parts of asia Pacific Trans strategy for overall health in Action demonstrably mentions ‘trans people as disproportionately suffering from HIV—yet you can still find inadequate shows or work aiimed at satisfy trans-specific demand’ [3]. Research reports have figured transgender women can be at improved threat of HIV from factors, for example risky erotic behaviour, industrial love-making services and mark and discrimination [4]. Operario and associates done a meta-analysis and discovered the occurrence of HIV am larger in transgender feminine sex people in contrast with transgender women that did not engage in sex perform, 27.3percent and 14.7% respectively [5].

Also, Transgender female often have reached risk or have an excellent pressure of problems other than HIV for example psychological issues and substance abuse [6], together with persistent societal discrimination that might create a shield to being able to access medical care [7]. This is the instance worldwide along with the Asia-Pacific region in countries instance, Malaysia [8].

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